History of Maritime regulations
Given the fact that most if not all the major maritime regulations have come up after a major disaster, we have chronologically listed the disaster and the regulation that came up after that.
Disasters & Regulations
|1912 TITANIC||TITANIC and SOLAS
Sinking of the TITANIC resulted in the adoption of SOLAS (1929)
|1967 TORREY CANYON||TORREY CANYON and MARPOL, STCW|
|1978 AMOCO CADIZ||AMOCO CADIZ and SOLAS, MARPOL
Sinking of the AMOCO CADIZ resulted in the adoption of SOLAS (1978) and MARPOL (1978)
|1987 HERALD OF FREE ENTERPRISE||HERALD OF FREE ENTERPRISE and ISM, SOLAS
Sinking of the HERALD OF FREE ENTERPRISE resulted in the adoption of ISM, Chapter II-1 : Construction - Structure, subdivisions and stability, machinery and electrical installations, and FSA
|1989 EXXON VALDEZ||1989 EXXON VALDEZ and OPA90
Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker in the former Exxon corporation fleet, grounded on Prince William Sounds Bligh Reef at Valdez, Cook Inlet, Alaska and caused a major oil spill in the pristine waters of Alaska. This caused major ecological damage and Exxon had to pay a huge sum as compensation. Over 40,000 tonnes were spilled on that incident and brought legislators to frame the OPA 90.
|1999 ERIKA||1999 ERIKA and European equivalent of OPA90, Eur-OPA
1999 ERIKA and European equivalent of OPA, Eur-OPA